- John the Baptist
- (c. 4 bc–ad 28)Missionary and Saint.John was the son of the priest Zachariah and Elizabeth, a relative of the Virgin mary. In the Gospel of luke, his birth was seen as a miracle since his mother was beyond the age for bearing children. John was portrayed as an ascetic preacher, drawing crowds into the wilderness and preparing the people for the coming Kingdom of God. He dressed in the same garb as the Old Testament prophet Elijah and his mission was seen as the fulfilment of Malachi’s prophecy that Elijah would return before the ‘great and terrible day of the Lord’. He encouraged his listeners to be baptised as a sign of repentance. Jesus was amongst those who were cleansed in the River Jordan under John’s guidance. John indicated that he was not himself the Messiah, but that one would come after him who would be greater than he. He was eventually arrested for preaching against King Herod’s marriage and, according to the Gospel story, Herod was tricked into having him executed. In the Christian tradition John is seen as the last of the prophets. Various scholarly conjectures have been offered as to his relationship with the monastic community of Qumran, but no firm conclusions have been reached.E. Bammel, ‘The Baptist in the Early Christian tradition’, New Testament Studies, xviii (1971– 2);C.H.H. Scobie, John the Baptist (1964);W. Wink, John the Baptist in the Gospel Tradition (1968).
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JOHN THE BAPTIST — JOHN THE BAPTIST, the forerunner (prodromus) of Christ. There are two main sources of data regarding the life of John: the Gospels, the earliest of which were in circulation during the latter part of the first century, and Josephus Jewish… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
John the Baptist — n. Bible the forerunner and baptizer of Jesus: he was killed by Herod: Matt. 3 … English World dictionary
John the Baptist — Saint John the Baptist John the Baptist by Bartolomeo Veneto 16th century Prophet, Preacher, Forerunner, Martyr Born c. 5 BC Died 3 … Wikipedia
John the Baptist — noun (New Testament) a preacher and hermit and forerunner of Jesus (whom he baptized); was beheaded by Herod at the request of Salome • Syn: ↑St. John the Baptist • Topics: ↑New Testament • Instance Hypernyms: ↑hermit, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
John the Baptist — noun A New Testament prophet who baptized Jesus. He was executed by Herod Antipas at the request of Salome. In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand … Wiktionary
John the Baptist — (fl. 1st cent.) Palestinian religious leader, forerunner of Jesus. He preached repentance, proclaimed the coming of the messianic age, and practised baptism of those who accepted his preaching; Jesus was among those whom he baptized. He was… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
John the Baptist — John the Bap|tist, Saint (?12 BC ?28 AD) in the New Testament of the Bible, a religious teacher who told people that Jesus Christ was coming, and who ↑baptized Jesus in the River ↑Jordan … Dictionary of contemporary English
John the Baptist — John′ the Bap′tist n. bib the forerunner and baptizer of Jesus. Matt. 3 … From formal English to slang
John the Baptist — The forerunner of our Lord. We have but fragmentary and imperfect accounts of him in the Gospels. He was of priestly descent. His father, Zacharias, was a priest of the course of Abia (1 Chr. 24:10), and his mother, Elisabeth, was of the… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
JOHN THE BAPTIST — the forerunner of Christ, who baptized with water unto, or on the confession of, repentance, in anticipation of, and in preparation for, the appearance in the immediate future of One who would baptize with the Spirit and with fire; his fate is … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia